The city of Erfurt is presently connected to the greater regional street-network through the Autobahn connections Erfurt-West and Erfurt-Ost on the Autobahn A 4 (Eisenach-Dresden), Erfurt-Bindersleben, which is on the south-running A 71 (Erfurt-Arnstadt-Meiningen) and Erfurt-Stotternheim and Erfurt-Nord, which are on the north-running A 71 (Erfurt-Sömmerda). In addition, east of Erfurt, there is a connection to the A 4 called Erfurt-Vieselbach, which connects with the B 7 (Erfurt-Weimar) with the freight and through traffic.
The "Erfurter Ring" is made up of the A 4 in the south and the A 71 in the west and north, which is partially finished or under construction. It is also made up of the "Ostumfahrung" or east by-way, which runs from the A 71 to the B 7 East and goes to the Autobahn entrance road, which surrounds the city. This allows many options for a direct path to the wished destinations, as well as leaves the downtown free of traffic. When finished in the middle of 2007, the "Erfurter Ring" will allow the possibility for all areas of the city to be reachable and relieve the city of through-traffic.
Seventy kilometres east is the "Hermsdorfer Kreuz," that connects traffic to the Autobahn A 9, and also connects Berlin to Munich.
The country highway B 4 Ilmenau-Erfurt-Nordhausen and B 7 Eisenach-Erfurt-Jena (Classic Street) connect the surrounding areas to the city.
The "Stadtring" or City Ring directs the through-traffic to the main streets (sometimes the country highways) around the downtown area. The "Zentrumsring" or Central Ring (Juri-Gagarin-Ring) collects and divides the traffic downtown, in order to keep the historical old town free of through-traffic and quiet.
Presently the Thuringian Autobahn Network is being expanded. The A 71 flowing south, also called the Thuringia Forest Autobahn, has been open to traffic since December 2005. The A 73, which diverts the A 71 towards the Autobahn triangle Suhl to Coburg-Lichtenfels-Bamberg and the existing A 73 in the direction of Nuremburg, will be finished in 2008. The A 71 north beginning in Erfurt and flowing to Sömmerda, is already in use. The plans for the extension of the A 38 (the South Harz Autobahn) to Sangerhausen are already in motion. With this, the direct Autobahn connection from Erfurt towards Bavaria and also towards Saxon-Anhalt will be continuously extended, so that the State Capital Erfurt will be reachable from all directions.
The Erfurt-Weimar Airport (Flughafen Erfurt-Weimar) connects the State of Thuringia with the rest of the international air traffic network. It is the only international airport in the state. As well as having regular flights to large cities such as Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, there are also Charter flights that go to many holiday destinations, including the areas around the Mediterranean Sea. In the main terminal, all well-known Holiday Organizations and many travel agencies are represented. In addition, the Erfurt Airport is directly attached to the city centre through Tram Number 4, in the direction of the Hauptfriedhof. The Tram Stop, called Flughafen (Airport), is located right in front of the terminal.
People who drive to the airport can reach it by using the Kreuz Erfurt which crosses over the A 71, its connection being Erfurt-Bindersleben or from the city centre using the Binderslebener Landstraße (Binderslebener Highway).
The scheduled Lufthansa flight connection to Munich offers passenger flights within the worldwide flight network to destinations in Europe, Asia and the USA. The flight schedule of Erfurt Airport can be viewed daily in the MDR channel teletext pages (page 730 ff.).Further airport information can be obtained by calling the following telephone number: +49 361 6562200 (available daily from 6 am to 10 pm).
The airport, which has a modern terminal building with two passenger bridges, can provide air services for up to 800,000 passengers a year. Directly in front of the terminal building, there is adequate parking space for both short and long-term parking. Erfurt Airport’s trade and industrial services include facilities for freight processing and modern cargo-handling equipment. Adequate storage facilities are also available.
Erfurt is an important central rail junction for two of Germany’s major rail tracks: Frankfurt/M.-Erfurt-Halle and Leipzig-Berlin-Warsaw-Moscow.
In Erfurt, there are direct connections to Magdeburg via Sangerhausen, Nordhausen and Bad Langensalza and to Meiningen/Schweinfurt. In addition to a diversified regional service, the following train connections are among the many possible rail links from Erfurt:
(Wiesbaden - Frankfurt/M. airport -) Frankfurt/M. - Erfurt - Leipzig - Dresden
Frequency: every hour
Ruhr area - Kassel - Erfurt - Halle - Berlin
Frequency: every 2 hours
Erfurt - Suhl - Schweinfurt - Würzburg
Eisenach - Erfurt - Weimar - Halle/S.
Erfurt - Ilmenau
Frequency: every hour
All the above trains stop at Erfurt Hauptbahnhof (main train station), which is located directly on the edge of the old city centre and which is a junction point for the complex networks of street cars/trams, city buses and regional buses.
At present Erfurt station is being transformed into an ICE- train station and part of the new ICE-tracks under construction include the following two lines: Frankfurt/M.-Erfurt-Leipzig-Dresden and München-Nürnberg-Erfurt-Halle/S.-Berlin.
The city of Erfurt has a relatively extensive rail traffic network for freight traffic. The Erfurter Bahn GmbH (Rail Erfurt Ltd.) (EB) is linked to most of Germany’s industrial plants and firms including those which are still at the planning stage. Since May 1998 the EB has supplied 5 regional shuttle trains for short-range passenger transport between Erfurt and Heiligenstadt.
There are many parking garages right around the city centre that offer over 3 000 parking places. The parking garages are connected with a dynamic control system. With this, it is possible to direct everyone to the nearest parking area.
This parking garage system takes citizens and visitors alike "by the hand" to a secure and free parking spot. This way, both city and traffic information are linked together. There are city information boards at the most important city entrances. These give drivers important and up to date information. They give parking hints, like the exact number of free spaces in different parking garages, traffic information and important road blockages. At the entrance of the city ring, different forms of help are shown, such as the number of free parking spaces and different routes that can be taken. There are guideposts at the centre ring that show the next parking garage, as well as other directions.
The parking system, with its many parking garages, offers city visitors many options. These include not having to search for an empty parking spot, signs giving directions to parking garages in the city, and an unlimited time for parking. This is very ideal in comparison to the maximum two-hour parking offered on the street near areas of destination.
The historical city centre is kept free of all unnecessary freight traffic. The city visitors profit from this, because the pedestrian walkways and city traffic are not bothered by large amounts of through traffic.
The location of parking garages and their capacity are found in the section called "Parken" in the city map.
In addition, there are many parking options provided for special needs. These include special parking places for the disabled, busses, caravans (recreational vehicles) and motorcycles.