The Anger used to be the market place for the dyers’ trade ("Waidanger"). In the 1970’s the Anger, which is lined with numerous buildings that are interesting both for their historical importance and their architectural interest, was redeveloped into a shopping boulevard. It is now a particularly stimulating and attractive part of the city. The Ursuline cloisters are situated on the corner of the Anger and Trommsdorffstrasse. The sisters of this order are still very active in both their charitable and educational activities.
Czar Alexander I resided at number 6 on the Anger in 1808. At the time of the Thirty Years’ War Queen Marie Elonore of Sweden was living at number 11 when she received news of the death of her husband Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden.
This is the oldest centre for cultural events and congresses in Germany. One of the buildings that reflects the history of Erfurt in a special and unique manner is the Kaisersaal in the Futterstrasse, which, after radical reconstruction, was reopened on the 15th of May, 1994.
It was built out of three patrician houses at the beginning of the 18th century to serve as the university’s ballroom. The building was also used as a playhouse for travelling theatre groups and was the venue for Goethe and the Weimar theatre company he directed. In 1791 the world premiere of Schiller’s "Don Carlos" was performed in the Kaisersaal. Schiller himself attended this performance. At Napoleon’s invitation Czar Alexander I of Russia came to Erfurt to participate at the "Europäischer Fürstenkongreß" (Congress of European Princes and Heads of State) that took place in the Kaisersaal. Concert evenings given by Paganini, F. Liszt, C. Schumann number among only a few of the cultural highlights in the history of the Kaisersaal during the 19th century. August Bebel took part in an SPD (Social Democratic Party of Germany) congress that met here in 1891 when the famous "Erfurt Programme" was agreed upon.
The former woad* storage building now the "Kulturhof" (Michaelisstrasse 10) houses exhibition rooms and a cultural centre.
*woad: the traditional cross flowering plant used as a dye for cloth was a common indigenous plant throughout Thuringia in medieval times.
The former woad storage building in Mettengasse is now used as a playhouse for political cabaret and as a puppet theatre.
The Haus zum Sonneborn was built in 1536 and is now a registry office for civil marriage ceremonies. It is the so-called "wedding house". Its portal, the Renaissance paintings and the Bohlenroom (a kind of Renaissance ammunitions’ store) are of special interest.